Effective Microorganisms

$8.00$95.00

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Hooray! EM mother culture is back in stock

If I had to choose one product as being most important for the garden, effective microorganisms would be it.

EM is a liquid mixture of important beneficial microorganisms that are known to work cooperatively to provide tremendous benefits for soil and plants.

One of the main reasons I started this business was because I couldn’t find effective microorganisms in Canada.

And since then, I’ve seen remarkable results using it on many different gardens, and I’ve heard even more great feedback from customers.

Plus, I’ve gone through a lot of the research and the results are impressive (e.g. big increases in yield, decreases of disease, etc.).

This is one of the most important products I carry and is economical to purchase. The benefits of EM are so immense, I cannot even begin to do it justice. I can start a list like the one below, but it’s really just the beginning. EM technology will improve:

  • Seed germination and plant health
  • Plant nutrient uptake
  • The composting process (including bokashi composting)
  • The soil in your lawn and garden
  • Water quality
  • Breakdown of sewage sludge
“I’d bought some sickly looking plants on sale with yellowish leaves & within 2 days of using the EM the leaves turned a much healthier shade of green. Inside of a week they were back to 100% healthy. I can’t say enough good things about EM.”
Catherine Jamieson, The Constant Gardener, Vancouver Island, BC

EM (Mother Culture)

Effective microorganisms mother culture can be used straight from the bottle, or it can be activated first to make 20 times the original amount, generally done to save money.

Here’s how to make activated EM.

Note that EM is sold under many brand names (em1, em-1, emro, biosa, etc.).

This one from SCD called ‘ProBio Balance’ is on par with the best of them, made by people who have studied under Dr. Teruo Higa.

Effective microorganisms mother culture can be used straight from the bottle, or it can be activated first.

How much do you need? Application rates and dilutions are the same for both EM mother culture and Activated EM.

I use about between 1/3 cup and 1/2 cup per 1000 square feet, mixed in at least 100 times as much water for soil applications and 250 times as much water for foliar applications (a hose-end sprayer is great for getting these big dilution rates).

How long does it keep?  Mother culture is good for 18-24 months if stored correctly. Keep the cap on tight, and store at room temperature, protected from frost, heat, and direct light. Mix and use only what you can apply on the same day. The diluted product doesn’t keep long.

Certificate of Analysis

Already Activated

If you don’t want to go through the process of activating the effective microorganisms, or if you are new to the idea and just want to try it out, you can buy it already activated.

As a live probiotic product, every batch of Activated EM is a little different. It is always bottled fresh, so you may find it a bit fizzy on arrival. Just loosen the cap to let the gas escape, then close again tightly.

If a few yeasty white flakes develop floating at the surface, this is a normal part of the fermentation process. Over time, a layer of sediment can form at the bottom, which is also normal.

How much do you need? Application rates and dilutions are the same for both EM mother culture and Activated EM.

I use about between 1/3 cup and 1/2 cup per 1000 square feet, mixed in at least 100 times as much water for soil applications and 250 times as much water for foliar applications (a hose-end sprayer is great for getting these big dilution rates).

How long does it keep? Activated EM is good for at least 6 months, and can last well over a year if stored correctly. Keep the cap on tight, store at room temperature, protected from frost, heat, and direct light. Mix and use only what you need to apply on the same day. The diluted product doesn’t keep long.

“I anticipate nothing but success from EM in the garden because taken as a probiotic, EM has worked wonders on my guts and helped with some digestive issues. I have felt a marked improvement physically since taking EM and am happy to have found this great product.”
Lisa, Victoria, BC

Effective Microorganisms Application

Preferably, effective microorganisms would be applied in smaller, regular doses, such as monthly or even weekly.

EM works great when combined with biostimulants. Here are some application rates, with more details at the links below:

Dilution – EM and activated EM can be diluted with water for application with ratios from 1:50 water to 1:10000 water. This ratio depends on the frequency of application and the area you are trying to cover. For example, daily use through irrigation systems is often done at very diluted ratios. Use on turf and in gardens would be lower.

Here are some ratios that I have come up with based on my research.

I determined that it would be a good idea to experiment with using lesser amounts of EM (the lower end of the scale below), particularly if you are having trouble diluting it with sufficient water. As shown below, I would like to see at least a 1:250 dilution for foliar sprays and a 1:100 for turf and soil, and I believe that 85 ml (1/3 cup) of EM per thousand square feet would be a good place to start:

  • 1:10000 – for daily use, such as through an irrigation system
  • 1:1000 – for weekly foliar use; 20-125 ml of EM per 1000 sq ft
  • 1:100-1:250 – for monthly use as a foliar feed; higher dilution (1:250) is better if possible; 85-500 ml of EM per 1000 sq ft
  • 1:50 – for monthly/seasonal use on turf and as a soil drench; higher dilution (1:100) is better if possible; 85-500 ml of EM per 1000 sq ft
  • 1:1000 – for soaking seeds; 5-10 minutes only, as some seed may ferment after too long

I have never run into any problems, but it is theoretically possible to ferment flowers and young, tender leaves if the application rate is below 1:250. If you have prize roses, it would be best to use a more diluted ratio to avoid this possibility. Note that the application rates above and below are for the EM before it has been diluted.

If you’re using city water and you want to get rid of the chlorine, leaving it in a pail for 24 hours will be sufficient to dechlorinate it in most cities.

In some cities such as Victoria, however, they use chloramine in the water (chlorine and ammonium), which does not dissipate as readily. In this case, a small amount of humic acids or a crushed Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) tablet can be stirred into the water before use.

Here is another way to look at effective microorganisms application rates:

  • Lawn and Garden – The manufacturer recommends a total of 1 gallon(US) per 1000 sq ft per year, split into applications as often as is feasible. This is a lot more than is typically used in agriculture. I believe we should try using the agriculture rates, particularly if we are using a backpack sprayer or something similar where mixing it with enough water for a proper dilution is not feasible due to time constraints. I think that perhaps the dilution ratio is more important than the actual rate of application.
  • Agricultural inoculant – A total of 1 to 10 gallons(US) per acre per year, split into applications as often as is feasible. For some reason, the recommendations for farming are generally less. There could be several reasons for this, but ultimately it points to the fact that there is no recipe.
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1 Litre - Effective Microorganisms$34.00
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4 Litre - Effective Microorganisms$95.00
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1 Litre - Activated EM$15.00
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4 Litre - Activated EM$45.00
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500ml - Activated EM$8.00
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