If I had to choose one product as being the most important for the garden, effective microorganisms would be it. EM is a liquid mixture of important beneficial microorganisms that are known to work cooperatively to provide tremendous benefits for soil and plants.
One of the main reasons I started this business was because I couldn't buy effective microorganisms in Canada. I couldn't find it.
But since then, I've seen incredible results using it on many different gardens, and I'm heard even more great feedback from customers. Plus I've gone through a lot of the research and the results are incredible (e.g. 50% increase in yield, elimination of disease, etc.).
I've never had that big of a yield boost, but I have seen numerous benefits.
This is one of the most important products I carry and is equally economical to purchase. The benefits of EM are so immense, I cannot even begin to do it justice. I can start a list like the one below, but it's really just the beginning. EM technology will improve:
You can buy the mother culture below, or if you are a home gardener and don't want to take the time to activate the effective microorganisms, it makes sense to buy it already activated as 'Activated EM'.
Effective microorganisms mother culture can be used straight from the bottle, or it can be activated first. Note that EM is sold under many brand names (you may have searched for em1, em-1, emro, biosa, efficient microbes, etc.) some better than others. This one from SCD called 'ProBio Balance Plus' is on par with the best of them, made by people who have studied under Dr. Teruo Higa.Info/Buy
If you don't want to go through the process of activating the effective microorganisms, you can buy it already activated.
Not only is it less expensive, but many of the microbes have recently been awakened from dormancy, so it is of equal or maybe even better quality for application purposes.Info/Buy
I also carry pH paper, which is useful to determine when the activation process of effective microorganisms is finished. The range is 2.9 - 5.2 and we're looking for an ideal range of 3.2-3.5, and at least below 3.9.
Please note: Due to its narrow range, this pH paper is not suitable for measuring soil pH.Info/Buy
Effective microorganisms can be "activated", a 3-5 week process (or longer) by which 1 part EM (mixed with 1 part molasses and 20 parts water) is fermented to increase your quantity of EM by approximately 20 times. The resulting activated EM (AEM) is used the same as regular EM.
It has traditionally been done to save money, but it can also improve the efficacy of the EM, primarily because it wakes up dormant microbes. It sounds a bit overwhelming at first, but it is actually easy and very fun. You don't have to do it, but I recommend it if you will be using a lot of EM, as it will save you money. Alternatively, you can order it already activated by me up above.
Here is my EM Activation Procedure. The following video also covers the activation process:
Preferably, effective microorganisms would be applied in smaller, regular doses, such as monthly or even weekly. At minimum, it should be done once in the spring and once in the fall. EM works great when combined with biostimulants. Here are some application rates, with more details at the links below:
Dilution - EM and activated EM can be diluted with water for application with ratios from 1:50 water to 1:10000 water. This ratio depends on the frequency of application and the area you are trying to cover. For example, daily use through irrigation systems is often done at very diluted ratios. Use on turf and in gardens would be lower.
Here are some ratios that I have come up with based on my research. I spent considerable time researching application rates for my February 2009 Newsletter.
I determined that it would be a good idea to experiment with using lesser amounts of EM (the lower end of the scale below), particularly if you are having trouble diluting it with sufficient water. As shown below, I would like to see at least a 1:250 dilution for foliar sprays and a 1:100 for turf and soil, and I believe that 85 ml (1/3 cup) of EM per thousand square feet would be a good place to start:
I have never run into any problems, but it is theoretically possible to ferment flowers and young, tender leaves if the application rate is below 1:250. If you have prize roses, it would be best to use a more diluted ratio to avoid this possibility. Note that the application rates above and below are for the EM before it has been diluted.
If you're using city water and you want to get rid of the chlorine, leaving it in a pail for 24 hours will be sufficient to dechlorinate it in most cities. In some cities such as Victoria, however, they use chloramine in the water (chlorine and ammonium), which does not dissipate as readily. In this case, a small amount of humic acids or a crushed Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) tablet can be stirred into the water before use.
Here is another way to look at effective microorganisms application rates: